Brain Injuries

What should I do, if I or someone I care for suffer a Brain Injury?

Most brain injuries include both primary and secondary injuries. The more severe the initial insult, the more likely the secondary injuries will also be significant. Over half of all reported traumatic brain injuries are the result of an automobile accident. Blunt trauma is a more serious type of head injury that can occur in an automobile accident when a moving head strikes a stationary object like the windshield. When a traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury or any type of severe injury in which the occupants of a motor vehicle have sustained serious, debilitating injuries severely affecting their way of life.

What is a Primary Brain Injury?
Primary injuries include the first major injuries. Brain injuries can be classified into mild, moderate, and severe categories. Complications are distinct medical problems that may arise as a result of the TBI.

What is an Intracranial Hematoma?
An intracranial hematoma is a serious, possibly life-threatening, a complication of head trauma. Intracranial hematomas are the rupture of a blood vessel leading to the collection of blood in brain tissues or empty spaces. There are several types of hematoma:

  • Epidural Hematoma: A blood clot outside of the brain and the dura but inside the skull.
  • Subdural Hematoma: A blood clot between the brain and the dura.
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding within the layers of the dura, specifically under the arachnoid layer.
  • Intracerebral Hematoma: Bleeding within the brain tissue itself caused by the rupture of a blood vessel within the brain.
  • Intraventricular Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the ventricles of the brain

What is a Skull Fracture?
A break or disruption in the skull can cause injury to the brain or provide an open avenue for infection or both. Some may be called:

  • A linear skull fracture
  • A basilar skull fracture
  • A contusion, or a coup-contrecoup injury

What is a Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)
Diffuse axonal injury or DAI usually results from rotational forces or violent stopping. DAI is the result of twisting and tearing of the connections between the cells of the brain and not a direct blow.

What is a Secondary Brain Injury?
Secondary brain injury results from changes that begin at the time of the initial injury and may last for hours and days, such as:

  • Hypoxia and Hypotensions
  • Ischemia
  • Cerebral Edema – resulting in increased intracranial pressure
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Second Impact Syndrome
  • Penetrating vs. Closed BInjury
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commonly categorized as penetrating or closed.

Frequently Asked Questions About Brain Injuries


You can sue for life-long hospital care for a brain injury patient in Kentucky. The care will be an element of the damages. Life long hospital care is very expensive so it is important to get a full grasp of how much is expected. It is better to err on the side of caution and …
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You can sue a minors parents for causing brain injury during an assault under the right circumstances. For example, if the parents could have prevented the injury or taken steps to ensure safety but failed to do so, then there is a case. Consult with an experienced Kentucky personal injury lawyer for free consultation.

If your child received a brain injury while playing an away game there may be numerous potential defendants. First, the coaches have to make things as safe as reasonably possible. Failing to do so opens the coach up to litigation. Second, the event space or field may be liable. An experienced Kentucky personal injury or …
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If your brain injury happens at a business you can sue the employees, managers, business, an others that contributed to your injury. An employer in Kentucky is vicariously liable for damages caused by their employees. This means that if an employee causes you brain injury the employer or business is responsible. I have filed many …
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You can sue for medical expenses even if you have insurance to cover your costs. The Commonwealth of Kentucky does not punish people for getting health insurance. This means you can claim your total medical expenses at trial. Your insurance company will have a lien on the recovery for what they paid out on your …
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You can sue for pain and suffering caused by a traumatic brain injury due to negligence in Kentucky. Past/present/future emotional and physical pain and suffering is recoverable in a traumatic brain injury case. Your lawyer will argue for damages caused by the defendant. Pain and suffering from a brain injury can last a lifetime so …
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More FAQ About Brain Injuries